ROLES OF SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IN FARMERS-HERDERS CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN KEBBI STATE, 2015-2023

Authors

  • Aminu Musa Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria
  • Suleiman Muhammad Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Keywords:

Conflict, Pastoralist, Crop-farmer, Sub-national Government, Kebbi State

Abstract

Studies on conflict resolution have expanded the frontier of knowledge in the literature of Peace and Conflict Studies (PCS) in Nigeria, especially relating to the role of the state in conflict resolutions. Although the role played by the state in conflict resolutions has been extensively studied, the focus of most of such literature is more on national government with little attention to sub-national governments. Some of these sub-national governments have been grappling with conflicts of different magnitudes, ranging from intra and inter-communal conflicts, ethno-religious conflicts, terrorism and farmers-herders conflict, among others. They have been putting different mechanisms and strategies for conflict resolutions to the extent that some of the mechanisms and strategies have proven to be effective and some are ineffective. It is based on this that this paper assessed the role played by Kebbi State government, as one of the sub-national governments of the federation in resolving the conflict between the crop farmers and the pastoralists in five affected Local Government Areas (LGA) of the state. The conflict was presumed to have been caused by the increase in the demand of arable lands due largely to the implementation of the Anchor Borrowers Programme (ABP) of irrigation rice production, where some grazing areas and cattle routes were said to have been converted to dried rice production. How did Kebbi State Government manage the conflict under study? This question defines the problematique of the paper, which is based on the assumption that the state government used different strategies in resolving the conflict. In answering this question however, data were generated using mixed method where both quantitative and qualitative techniques were employed. While quantitative data were generated using kobo collect digital questionnaire instrument, qualitative data were generated using in-depth interview (IDI) with purposively sampled respondents from the affected LGAs and some government officials. The quantitative data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and complemented with qualitative data in order to make the analysis more rigorous. The paper found out that the adoption of some strategies such as constitution of peace and reconciliation committee, compensation payment, resettlement of victims, mobilisation of traditional leaders, farmers and Fulani associations, among others by the Kebbi State government have been effective in resolving the conflict, but still more holistic approach is needed to sustain their effectiveness in managing the farmers-herdsmen conflict in the affected LGAs.

Author Biographies

Aminu Musa, Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Department of Political Science,
Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Suleiman Muhammad, Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria

Department of Political Science,
Federal University Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria

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Published

2024-04-08

How to Cite

Musa, A., & Muhammad, S. (2024). ROLES OF SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IN FARMERS-HERDERS CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN KEBBI STATE, 2015-2023. Journal of Political Discourse, 2(1 (2), 221–232. Retrieved from https://jopd.com.ng/index.php/jopdz/article/view/126