INSECURITY AND WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN THE ELECTORAL PROCESSES IN NIGERIA
Keywords:election, electoral process, insecurity, political participation, women
Pastoralist-farmer conflict, Boko Haram insurgency, ethno-religious violence and communal clashes have constituted security challenges in the country. They have caused numerous deaths, destruction of property and massive displacement of people with associated socio-economic negative impacts. The paper interrogated how insecurity affects women participation in the electoral processes in Nigeria. The paper relied on secondary source of information. Human security approach was employed as the theoretical framework. The paper argued that insecurity has not only affected the electoral processes in Nigeria but limited the involvement of women in exercising their political rights. When a political system is characterized by insecurity, women tend to stay away from playing active role which further perpetuates gender inequality in the decision making process. The paper recommended that for women to effectively participate in the electoral processes, insecurity which has constituted a serious challenge to peace and development needs to be tackled by government at all levels. There is need for re-orientation of all political parties to shun any form of political brigandage and violence in order to encourage more women participation in the electoral processes. Security agents, particularly, the Nigeria Police need to be trained and retrained for capacity building and well remunerated to ensure peace during elections.
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