SOCIAL PROTECTION AND THE GAP IN ADDRESSING GENDER BASED VIOLENCE AND THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN NIGERIA
Keywords:Social Protection, Gender Based Violence, Gap, Impact, Climate Change
The increasing socio-economic issues in Nigeria have raised concerns on the failure of the different social protection measures and policies introduced by the various governments. There is increasing poverty, unemployment, displacement, gender inequality, violent conflict and of course climate change which has not received the needed attention of the leaders of the country. The recent food, fuel and financial crises exacerbated many of the existing vulnerabilities facing the poor. Apart from very few such as Care of the People (COPE), most social protection programmes are implemented in an ad hoc manner by various government ministries, departments and agencies at state level and some are funded by international donors. The various governments have not adequately addressed gender issues in their implementation of social protection programmes. The aftermath of the impact of climate change has indicated that women are at the forefront of caring for the ill, family and minding children who are unable to attend school or day care. The women are limited in their access to water, sanitation, hygiene, livelihood, etc. According to World Bank, 35% of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence. The work explored secondary and primary data. The paper aimed at identifying the gap in Social Protection in addressing Gender Based Violence and the Impact of Climate Change in Nigeria. The Human Rights principles and social welfare theory were used to explain this work. The paper recommended adequate policy on gender-based violence with a more gender-sensitive and sustainable social protection measures.
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