THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON THE POLITICS AND DECISION-MAKING PROCESS OF THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF THE SEA (UNCLOS) III
Keywords:UNCLOS, Liberalism, Realism, Institutionalism, Politics
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) III is a comprehensive international treaty that governs the use of the world's oceans. The convention was adopted in 1982 and entered into force in 1994. It establishes the legal framework for various activities at sea, including navigation, environmental protection, scientific research, and the management of marine resources. The politics and decision-making process of UNCLOS III can be analyzed through various theoretical perspectives. The focus of this research is to assess the role of theories in understanding the framework of the UNCLOS III. Thus, the research has shown that it may be difficult to understand the structural workings of UNCLOS III without properly studying it under the theoretical lens of liberalism and Realism. The article thus concludes that realist and liberalist thoughts are veritable theoretical lens through which one can make meaning of the international decision-making process of UNCLOS II. In this research, qualitative content analysis has been employed as a method of data collection and design. In terms of theoretical approach, the study adopts the liberal institutionalism in understanding the UNCLOS III.
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