A BRIDGE-THEORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: HEGEMONIC STABILITY THEORY REVISITED
Keywords:Hegemony, Realism, Liberalism, International Relations, Politics
Theories and approaches in international relations are presented to explain phenomena in global politics. The two prevalent approaches in international relations study are realism, idealism, and liberalism and each of the approaches is replete with variants. In scholarly circle, hegemonic stability theory is usually presented as a variant of realist approach to the study of global politics. In this case, hegemonic stability theory has popularly and strictly aligned to realism. The current research endeavour is to challenge that position and provide alternative scholarly narrative in relation to the theory. The article thus examines the dual status of the theory and explores the liberal and realist elements inherent in the theory. The exploration of existing literature on realism and liberalism therefore shows that hegemonic stability theory as a variant of realism is as well qualified a variant of liberal approach to international relations. The research advertises that hegemonic stability theory is both liberal and realist approach to the study of international politics. In conducting the research, qualitative content analysis is employed to mine data from library, think-tanks, and online materials. The research thus concludes that hegemonic stability theory connects nearly all school of thoughts in the study of international relations.
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